Alternatives to Animal Testing

Dublin Core

Title

Alternatives to Animal Testing

Subject

Biology

Description

This open access book presents recent advances in the pure sciences that are of significance in the quest for alternatives to the use of animals in research and describes a variety of practical applications of the three key guiding principles for the more ethical use of animals in experiments – replacement, reduction, and refinement, collectively known as the 3Rs. Important examples from across the world of implementation of the 3Rs in the testing of cosmetics, chemicals, pesticides, and biologics, including vaccines, are described, with additional information on relevant regulations.

Creator

Kojima, Hajime --- Seidle, Troy --- Spielmann, Horst

Source

-

Publisher

Springer Nature

Date

2019

Contributor

Baihaqi

Rights

Creative Commons

Format

PDF

Language

English

Type

Textbooks

Files

1006965.pdf.jpg

Collection

Citation

Kojima, Hajime --- Seidle, Troy --- Spielmann, Horst, “Alternatives to Animal Testing,” Open Educational Resource (OER) - Unsyiah Library, accessed October 4, 2022, http://uilis.unsyiah.ac.id/oer/items/show/5157.

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