# 500 Science

## Dublin Core

### Title

500 Science

## Items in the 500 Science Collection

### Tea Time Numerical Analysis

Numerical methods are designed to approximate one thing or another. Sometimes roots, sometimes derivatives or definite integrals, or curves, or solutions of differential equations. As numerical methods produce only approximations to these things, it…

### Geometry with an Introduction to Cosmic Topology

Motivated by questions in cosmology, the open-content text Geometry with an Introduction to Cosmic Topology uses Mobius transformations to develop hyperbolic, elliptic, and Euclidean geometry - three possibilities for the global geometry of the…

### Unfolding the Mystery of Life, Biology Lab Manual for Non-Science Majors

This laboratory manual is intended for use in a biology laboratory course taken by non-science majors, pre-biology, and pre-allied health majors. Laboratory exercises provide students with experience in basic laboratory skills, gathering and…

### Teaching Mathematics at Secondary Level

Teaching Mathematics is nothing less than a mathematical manifesto. Arising in response to a limited National Curriculum, and engaged with secondary schooling for those aged 11 ̶ 14 (Key Stage 3) in particular, this handbook for teachers will help…

### Introduction to Oceanography

There are many reasons why people study oceanography. An understanding of ocean processes is obviously vital to oceanographers, marine biologists, or environmental scientists. However, there are numerous other scientific fields where the oceans play…

### The Essence of Mathematics Through Elementary Problems

The Essence of Mathematics consists of a sequence of 270 problems – with commentary and full solutions. The reader is assumed to have a reasonable grasp of school mathematics. More importantly, s/he should want to understand something of…

### Virtuous Waters : Mineral Springs, Bathing, and Infrastructure in Mexico

Virtuous Waters is a pathbreaking and innovative study of bathing, drinking and other everyday engagements with a wide range of waters across five centuries in Mexico. Casey Walsh uses political ecology to bring together an analysis of shifting…

### Mountain, Water, Rock, God . Understanding Kedarnath in the Twenty-First Century

In Mountain, Water, Rock, God, Luke Whitmore situates the disastrous flooding that fell on the Hindu Himalayan shrine of Kedarnath in 2013 within a broader religious and ecological context. Whitmore explores the longer story of this powerful realm of…

### Thermodynamics and Chemistry

Thermodynamics and Chemistry is designed primarily as a textbook for a one-semester course in classical chemical thermodynamics at the graduate or undergraduate level. It can also serve as a supplementary text and thermodynamics reference source.

### BUSINESS MATH: A Step-By-Step Handbook

Business Mathematics was written to meet the needs of a twenty-first century student. It takes a systematic approach to helping students learn how to think and centers on a structured process termed the PUPP Model (Plan, Understand, Perform, and…

### First Semester in Numerical Analysis with Julia

First Semester in Numerical Analysis with Julia presents the theory and methods, together with the implementation of the algorithms using the Julia programming language (version 1.1.0). The book covers computer arithmetic, root-finding, numerical…

### An Introduction to Psychological Statistics

We are constantly bombarded by information, and finding a way to filter that information in an objective way is crucial to surviving this onslaught with your sanity intact. This is what statistics, and logic we use in it, enables us to do. Through…

### Adult Literacy Fundamentals Mathematics: Book 1

This is book one in a six-book series on fundamental mathematics for adult learners. These books include glossaries, self tests, practice requests, grades records, and unit tests. Ancillary Resources include the Instructor's Manual.

### Mechanics

This is a calculus-based book meant for the first semester of a first year survey course taken by engineering and physical science majors. It has a traditional order of topics whereby force is discussed before energy. It is divided into 17 chapters…

### Mathematics for Elementary Teachers

This book will help you to understand elementary mathematics more deeply, gain facility with creating and using mathematical notation, develop a habit of looking for reasons and creating mathematical explanations, and become more comfortable…

### GENERAL BIOLOGY II: SURVEY OF MOLECULAR LIFE AND GENETICS

BI102A is a survey course that introduces the discipline of molecular biology and genetics, exploring topics including cell division, protein production, inheritance and gene regulation. This book focuses on putting those topics into an appropriate…

### General Biology I

BI101 Course Description: Adaptations of BI101 vary in theme. BI101A is a survey course that

introduces the discipline of cellular biology, exploring topics including the cellular basis of life, cell

structure and function and the metabolic…

introduces the discipline of cellular biology, exploring topics including the cellular basis of life, cell

structure and function and the metabolic…

### Slurry Transport: Fundamentals, A Historical Overview & The Delft Head Loss & Limit Deposit Velocity Framework 2nd Edition

In dredging, the hydraulic transport of solids is one of the most important processes. Since the 50’s many researchers have tried to create a physical mathematical model in order to predict the head losses in slurry transport. One can think of the…

### World Regional Geography: People, Places and Globalization

World Regional Geography: People, Places and Globalization is designed for students to experience and study as much of the world as possible within a limited amount of time. It gives students the fundamental concepts and the latest data regarding…

### Environmental Biology

Environmental Biology is a free and open textbook that enables students to develop a nuanced

understanding of today’s most pressing environmental issues. This text helps students grasp the scientific

foundation of environmental topics so they can…

understanding of today’s most pressing environmental issues. This text helps students grasp the scientific

foundation of environmental topics so they can…

### Linear Regression Using R: An Introduction to Data Modeling

Linear Regression Using R: An Introduction to Data Modeling presents one of the fundamental data modeling techniques in an informal tutorial style. Learn how to predict system outputs from measured data using a detailed step-by-step process to…

### Prealgebra

Prealgebra is designed to meet scope and sequence requirements for a one-semester prealgebra course. The book’s organization makes it easy to adapt to a variety of course syllabi. The text introduces the fundamental concepts of algebra while…

### Topics in Applied Mathematics

The concepts and basic topics in elementary Linear Algebra and Calculus are reviewed and generalized to Linear Analysis in this first unit. In particular, the dot product, the vector space of R 2(that is, the x − y plane in Plane Geometry), and…

### An Introductory Course in Elementary Number Theory

Integers are the building blocks of the theory of numbers. This chapter contains somewhat very simple and obvious observations starting with properties of integers and yet the proofs behind those observations are not as simple. In this chapter

we…

we…

### Linear Algebra with Applications. Open Edition

This textbook is an introduction to the ideas and techniques of linear algebra for first- or second-year

students with a working knowledge of high school algebra. The contents have enough flexibility to present

a traditional introduction to the…

students with a working knowledge of high school algebra. The contents have enough flexibility to present

a traditional introduction to the…

### Linear Algebra, Theory And Applications

This is a book on linear algebra and matrix theory. While it is self contained, it will work best for those who have already had some exposure to linear algebra. It is also assumed that the reader has had calculus. Some optional topics require more…

### Mathematical Analysis. Volume I

This text is an outgrowth of lectures given at the University of Windsor, Canada. One of our main objectives is updating the undergraduate analysis as a rigorous postcalculus course. While such excellent books as Dieudonn´e’s Foundations of Modern…

### Elementary Linear Algebra

This is an introduction to linear algebra. The main part of the book features row operations and everything is done in terms of the row reduced echelon form and specific algorithms. At the end, the more abstract notions of vector spaces and linear…

### APEX Pre Calculus

This text was written as a prequel to the APEXCalculus series, a three–volume series on Calculus. This text is not intended to fully prepare students with all of the mathematical knowledge they need to tackle Calculus, rather it is de-signed to…

### Quantum description of light, Part 2

In this lecture, the professor discussed fluctuations and noise, and the single photon.

### Quantum description of light, Part 1

In this lecture, the professor discussed single mode light, thermal states, coherent states

### Introduction to Atomic Physics

This lecture provides a general overview of atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) physics.

### An Introduction to Matlab and Mathcad

This textbook, or really a “coursebook” for a college freshman-level class, has been updated for Spring 2014 and provides an introduction to programming and problem solving using both Matlab and Mathcad. We provide a balanced selection of…

### Fundamentals of Matrix Algebra

A college (or advanced high school) level text dealing with the basic principles of matrix and linear algebra. It covers solving systems of linear equations, matrix arithmetic, the determinant, eigenvalues, and linear transformations. Numerous…

### College Physics for AP® Courses

The AP Physics Collection is a free, turnkey solution for your AP® Physics course, brought to you through a collaboration between OpenStax and Rice Online Learning. The integrated collection features the OpenStax College Physics for AP® Courses…

### GRADE 12 PHYSICAL SCIENCES. VERSION 1 CAPS

This book deals with the physical sciences - physics and chemistry. All the sciences are based in the use of

experiment and testing to understand the world around us better. The scientific method requires us to constantly re-examine our…

experiment and testing to understand the world around us better. The scientific method requires us to constantly re-examine our…

### GRADE 11 PHYSICAL SCIENCES. VERSION 1 CAPS

In grade 10 you learnt about vectors in one dimension. Now we will take these concepts further and learn about vectors in two dimensions as well as components of vectors. As a very short recap, a vector has both a magnitude and a direction. There are…

### Everything Science : Grade 10 Physical Science. Version 1 – CAPS

In the physical sciences there are many skills that you need to learn. These include working with units, basic mathematics skills and laboratory skills. In this chapter we will revise some of these skills that you should know before starting to study…

### Microbiology

Microbiology covers the scope and sequence requirements for a single-semester microbiology course for non-majors. The book presents the core concepts of microbiology with a focus on applications for careers in allied health. The pedagogical features…

### Algebra and Mathematics. Explained with easy to understand 3D animations.

Explains variables, systems of equations, Cartesian coordinates, and many other concepts. Fun and educational for all ages.

### Properties and Chemistry of Benzene | Chemistry for All | The Fuse School

This video is part of 'Chemistry for All' - a Chemistry Education project by our Charity Fuse Foundation - the organisation behind The Fuse School. These videos can be used in a flipped classroom model or as a revision aid. Find our other Chemistry…

### Trigonometry

This trigonometry textbook is different than other trigonometry books in that it is free to download, and the reader is expected to do more than read the book and is expected to study the material in the book by working out examples rather than just…

### Precalculus

From the preface, "These are notes for a course in precalculus, as it is taught at New York City College of Technology - CUNY (where it is offered under the course number MAT 1375). Our approach is calculator based. For this, we will use the…

### Elementary Differential Equations

Elementary Differential Equations with Boundary Value Problems is written for students in science, engineering, and mathematics who have completed calculus through partial differentiation. If your syllabus includes Chapter 10 (Linear Systems of…

### Applied Calculus

Calculus was first developed more than three hundred years ago by Sir Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz to help them describe and understand the rules overning the motion of planets and moons. Since then, thousands of other men and women have…

### Basic Arithmetic Workbook

This workbook was created through the efforts of three instructors at Scottsdale Community College in Scottsdale, Arizona, has been used by thousands of students, and is continually improved. This workbook contains have lessons that were carefully…

### Contemporary Calculus I . For the students

This is a textbook for differential calculus with explanations, examples, worked solutions, problem sets and answers. It has been reviewed by calculus instructors and class-tested by them and the author.

Topics are typically introduced by way of…

Topics are typically introduced by way of…

### Laboratory Manual for Introductory Geology

The average introductory geology student’s perception of geology normally involves the memorization of rocks and discussions of natural disasters, but Geology contains so much more. Geology is the study of our planet, which is vital to our everyday…

### Solving Linear Equations - Basic Algebra Shortcut Tricks!

This algebra video tutorial shows you how to solve linear equations that contain fractions and variables on both sides of the equation. This video contains plenty of examples and practice problems for you to work on.

### Chemistry: Atoms First 2e

Chemistry: Atoms First 2e is a peer-reviewed, openly licensed introductory textbook produced through a collaborative publishing partnership between OpenStax and the University of Connecticut and UConn Undergraduate Student Government Association.…

### Chemistry 2e

Chemistry 2e is designed to meet the scope and sequence requirements of the two-semester general chemistry course. The textbook provides an important opportunity for students to learn the core concepts of chemistry and understand how those concepts…

### Linear Regression Using R: An Introduction to Data Modeling

Linear Regression Using R: An Introduction to Data Modeling presents one of the fundamental data modeling techniques in an informal tutorial style. Learn how to predict system outputs from measured data using a detailed step-by-step process to…

### Trigonometry

This trigonometry textbook is different than other trigonometry books in that it is free to download, and the reader is expected to do more than read the book and is expected to study the material in the book by working out examples rather than just…

### Ordinary Differential Equations

This book consists of ten weeks of material given as a course on ordinary differential equations (ODEs) for second year mathematics majors at the University of Bristol. It is the first course devoted solely to differential equations that these…

### Linear Algebra

We believe the entire book can be taught in twenty five 50-minute lectures to a sophomore audience that has been exposed to a one year calculus course. Vector calculus is useful, but not necessary preparation for this book, which attempts to be…

### Lies, Damned Lies, or Statistics: How to Tell the Truth with Statistics

Mathematical definitions should be perfectly precise because they do not describe something which is observed out there in the world, since such descriptive definitions might have fuzzy edges. In biology, for example, whether a virus is considered…

### Precalculus

Precalculus is adaptable and designed to fit the needs of a variety of precalculus courses. It is a comprehensive text that covers more ground than a typical one- or two-semester college-level precalculus course. The content is organized by…

### Statistics Using Technology

You are exposed to statistics regularly. If you are a sports fan, then you have the statistics for your favorite player. If you are interested in politics, then you look at the polls to see how people feel about certain issues or candidates. If you…

### Elementary Algebra Textbook

The Mayans used arithmetic to make astronomical computations, and developed the concept of zero over 2,000 years ago. The word “arithmetic” is derived from the Greek word arithmos (translated as

“number”). It is the oldest and most…

“number”). It is the oldest and most…

### LINEAR ALGEBRA

This book helps students to master the material of a standard US undergraduate first course in Linear Algebra. The material is standard in that the subjects covered are Gaussian reduction, vector spaces, linear maps, determinants, and eigenvalues and…

### Elementary Differential Equations

In order to apply mathematical methods to a physical or “real life” problem, we must formulate the problem in mathematical terms; that is, we must construct a mathematical model for the problem. Many

physical problems concern relationships…

physical problems concern relationships…

### Laboratory Exercises in Microbiology: Discovering the Unseen World Through Hands-On Investigation

The exercises in this laboratory manual are designed to engage students in hand-on activities that reinforce their understanding of the microbial world. Topics covered include: staining and microscopy, metabolic testing, physical and chemical control…

### Human Biology

This textbook has been created with several goals in mind: accessibility, customization, and student engagement—all while encouraging students toward high levels of academic scholarship. Students will find that this textbook offers a strong…

### BASIC CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY 3e: WHAT WE KNOW AND HOW WE FOUND OUT

A grasp of the logic and practice of science is essential to understand the rest of the world around us. To that end, the CMB3e iText (like earlier editions) remains focused on experimental support for what we know about cell and molecular biology,…

### Biology 2e

Biology is a science, but what exactly is science? What does the study of biology share with other scientific

disciplines? We can define science (from the Latin scientia, meaning “knowledge”) as knowledge that covers general truths or the…

disciplines? We can define science (from the Latin scientia, meaning “knowledge”) as knowledge that covers general truths or the…

### Biology for AP® Courses

Biology for AP® Courses covers the scope and sequence requirements of a typical two-semester Advanced Placement® biology course. The text provides comprehensive coverage of foundational research and core biology concepts through an evolutionary…

### Anatomy & Physiology

Human anatomy is the scientific study of the body’s structures. Some of these structures are very small and can only be observed and analyzed with the assistance of a microscope. Other larger structures can readily be seen, manipulated, measured,…

### Concepts of Biology

Concepts of Biology is designed for the typical introductory biology course for nonmajors, covering standard scope and sequence requirements. The text includes interesting applications and conveys the major themes of biology, with content that is…

### A First Course in LINEAR ALGEBRA an Open Text

A First Course in Linear Algebra presents an introduction to the fascinating subject of linear algebra for students who have a reasonable understanding of basic algebra. Major topics of linear algebra are presented in detail, with proofs of important…

### Analytical Chemistry 2.1

Chemistry is the study of matter, including its composition, its structure, its physical properties,

and its reactivity. Although there are many ways to study chemistry, traditionally we divide it into ve areas: organic chemistry, inorganic…

and its reactivity. Although there are many ways to study chemistry, traditionally we divide it into ve areas: organic chemistry, inorganic…

### Elementary Algebra

Elementary Algebra is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY) license, which means that you can distribute, remix, and build upon the content, as long as you provide attribution to OpenStax and its content…

### College Algebra

It’s a cold day in Antarctica. In fact, it’s always a cold day in Antarctica. Earth’s southernmost continent, Antarctica experiences the coldest, driest, and windiest conditions known. The coldest temperature ever recorded, over one hundred…

### ACTIVE CALCULUS

In Active Calculus, we endeavor to actively engage students in learning the subject through an activity-driven approach in which the vast majority of the examples are completed by students. Where many texts present a general theory of calculus…

### Calculus

Gilbert Strang's clear, direct style and detailed, intensive explanations make this textbook ideal as both a course companion and for self-study. Single variable and multivariable calculus are covered in depth. Key examples of the application of…

### Physical Science Laboratory Investigations

For many people, it is difficult in today’s world to make a guess. People tend to prefer to look up the answer rather than use experience to attempt an answer. However, scientific theories and laws often begin with a guess based on logic and…

### General Biology : Bisoci 100 manual Laboratory

The purpose of creating this custom lab manual for BioSci 100 was to provide our students with a high quality, low cost learning resource. This project would not have

been possible without the dedication and commitment of the faculty and staff in…

been possible without the dedication and commitment of the faculty and staff in…

### Microbiology

Welcome to the wonderful world of microbiology! Yay! So. What is microbiology? If we break the

word down it translates to “the study of small life,” where the small life refers to microorganisms or

microbes. But who are the microbes? And how…

word down it translates to “the study of small life,” where the small life refers to microorganisms or

microbes. But who are the microbes? And how…

### The Adventure of Physics - Vol. VI: The Strand Model - A Speculation on Unification

his book is written for anybody who is intensely curious about nature and motion. Have you ever asked: Why do people, animals, things, images and empty space move? The answer leads to many adventures, and this book presents one of the best of them:…

### The Adventure of Physics - Vol. V: Motion Inside Matter - Pleasure, Technology, and Stars

This book is written for anybody who is curious about nature and motion. Curiosity about how bodies, images and empty space move leads to many adventures. This volume presents the best adventures about the motion inside people, inside animals, and…

### The Adventure of Physics - Vol. III: Light, Charges, and Brains

This book is written for anybody who is curious about nature and motion. Curiosity about how people, animals, things, images and space move leads to many adventures. This volume presents the adventures one encounters when exploring everything…

### The Adventure of Physics - Vol. II: Relativity

This book is written for anybody who is curious about nature and motion. Curiosity about how people, animals, things, images and empty space move leads to many adven- tures. This volume presents the best of them in the domains of relativity and…

### The Adventure of Physics - Vol. I: Fall, Flow, and Heat

This book is written for anybody who is curious about nature and motion. Curiosity about how people, animals, things, images and space move leads to many adventures. This volume presents the best of them in the domain of everyday life.

Carefully…

Carefully…

### The Adventure of Physics - Vol. IV: The Quantum of Change

This book is written for anybody who is curious about nature and motion. Have you ever asked: Why do people, animals, things, images and space move? The answer leads to many adventures; this volume presents those due to the discovery that there is a…

### Body Physics: Motion to Metabolism

Body Physics was designed to meet the objectives of a

one-term high school or freshman level course in

physical science, typically designed to provide nonscience majors and undeclared students with exposure

to the most basic principles in physics…

one-term high school or freshman level course in

physical science, typically designed to provide nonscience majors and undeclared students with exposure

to the most basic principles in physics…

### Microbiology: A Laboratory Experience

As a group of organisms that are too small to see and best known for being agents of disease and death, microbes are not always appreciated for the numerous supportive and positive contributions they make to the living world. Designed to support a…

### Trigonometry

The precursors to what we study today as Trigonometry had their origin in ancient Mesopotamia, Greece and India. These cultures used the concepts of angles and lengths as an aid to understanding the movements of the heavenly bodies in the night sky.…

### Chemical Process Dynamics and Controls

Process controls is a mixture between the statistics and engineering discipline that deals with the mechanism, architectures, and algorithms for controlling a process. Some examples of controlled processes are:

•Controlling the temperature of a…

•Controlling the temperature of a…

### Calculus -- The foundation of modern science

Easy to understand explanation of integrals and derivatives using 3D animations.

### Elementary Algebra

Elementary Algebra is a work text that covers the traditional topics studied in a modern elementary algebra course. Use of this book will help the student develop the insight and intuition necessary to master algebraic techniques and manipulative…

### The Environment in the Age of the Internet

"How do we talk about the environment? Does this communication reveal and construct meaning? Is the environment expressed and foregrounded in the new landscape of digital media? The Environment in the Age of the Internet is an interdisciplinary…

### Landscape in the Longue Duree

Pebbles are usually found only on the beach, in the liminal space between land and sea. But what happens when pebbles extend inland and create a ridge brushing against the sky? Landscape in the Longue Durée is a 4,000 year history of pebbles. It…

### Turn on the light on science

"Scientists deserve public recognition. The ways that they are depicted, however, are severely limited in physical and personal traits, helping to establish and enhance stereotypes under the general title of ‘scientist’. These stereotypes range…

### DNA

In the DNA double helix, two strands attach via hydrogen bonds between the bases of the component nucleotides.

### Other Important Lipids

(a) Phospholipids are composed of two fatty acids, glycerol, and a phosphate group. (b) Sterols are ring-shaped lipids. Shown here is cholesterol. (c) Prostaglandins are derived from unsaturated fatty acids. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) includes hydroxyl…

### Triglycerides

Triglycerides are composed of glycerol attached to three fatty acids via dehydration synthesis. Notice that glycerol gives up a hydrogen atom, and the carboxyl groups on the fatty acids each give up a hydroxyl group.

### Polysaccharides

Polysaccharides can contain a few to a thousand or more monosaccharides. Three are important to the body:

Starches are polymers of glucose. They occur in long chains called amylose or branched chains called amylopectin, both of which are…

Starches are polymers of glucose. They occur in long chains called amylose or branched chains called amylopectin, both of which are…

### Disaccharides

A disaccharide is a pair of monosaccharides. Disaccharides are formed via dehydration synthesis, and the bond linking them is referred to as a glycosidic bond (glyco- = “sugar”). Three disaccharides are important to humans. These are sucrose,…

### Monosaccharides

A monosaccharide is a monomer of carbohydrates. Five monosaccharides are important in the body. Three of these are the hexose sugars, so called because they each contain six atoms of carbon. These are glucose, fructose, and galactose.

The remaining…

The remaining…

### Acids and Bases

(a) In aqueous solution, an acid dissociates into hydrogen ions (H+) and anions. Nearly every molecule of a strong acid dissociates, producing a high concentration of H+. (b) In aqueous solution, a base dissociates into hydroxyl ions (OH–) and…

### The Periodic Table of the Elements

Visit this website to view the periodic table. In the periodic table of the elements, elements in a single column have the same number of electrons that can participate in a chemical reaction. These electrons are known as “valence electrons.” For…

### Underground Water Impact Report for the Surat Cumulative Management Area

The Surat Underground Water Impact Report forms part of the regulatory framework for managing the impacts of this groundwater extraction.

### My Math GPS: Elementary Algebra Guided Problem Solving (2016 Edition)

My Math GPS: Elementary Algebra Guided Problem Solving is a textbook that aligns to the CUNY Elementary Algebra Learning Objectives that are tested on the CUNY Elementary Algebra Final Exam (CEAFE). This book contextualizes arithmetic skills into…

### Proofs and Concepts: The Fundamentals of Abstract Mathematics

This free undergraduate textbook provides an introduction to proofs, logic, sets, functions, and other fundamental topics of abstract mathematics. It is designed to be the textbook for a bridge course that introduces undergraduates to abstract…

### Statistical Inference For Everyone

This is a new approach to an introductory statistical inference textbook, motivated by probability theory as logic. It is targeted to the typical Statistics 101 college student, and covers the topics typically covered in the first semester of such a…

### The Basics of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry

The Basics of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry by David W. Ball, John W. Hill, and Rhonda J. Scott is for the one-semester General, Organic and Biological Chemistry course. The authors designed this textbook from the ground up to meet the…

### The Simple Math of Writing Well: Writing for the 21st Century

Writing guides abound, but The Simple Math of Writing Well is one of a kind. Readers will find its practical approach affirming, encouraging, and informative, and its focus on the basics of linguistic structure releases 21st-century writers to…

### Physics Volume 2

University Physics is designed for the two- or three-semester calculus-based physics course. The text has been developed to meet the scope and sequence of most university physics courses and provides a foundation for a career in mathematics, science,…

### Physics Volume 1

University Physics is designed for the two- or three-semester calculus-based physics course. The text has been developed to meet the scope and sequence of most university physics courses and provides a foundation for a career in mathematics, science,…

### Living with Earthquakes in the Pacific Northwest

In this expanded new edition of Living with Earthquakes, Robert Yeats, a leading authority on earthquakes in California and the Pacific Northwest, describes the threat posed by the Cascadia Subduction Zone, a great earthquake fault which runs for…

### Linear Algebra, Theory And Applications

This is a book on linear algebra and matrix theory. While it is self contained, it will work best for those who have already had some exposure to linear algebra. It is also assumed that the reader has had calculus. Some optional topics require more…

### Light and Matter

This is an introductory text intended for a one-year introductory course of the type typically taken by biology majors, or for AP Physics B. Algebra and trig are used, and there are optional calculus-based sections.

### Key Elements of Green Chemistry

This document is a collaborative student work, comprising a directory of resources about mathematics and technology for kindergarten through fifth grade. This resource was created with the support of an ALG Textbook Transformation Grant. Topics…

### Introduction to Real Analysis

This is a text for a two-term course in introductory real analysis for junior or senior mathematics majors and science students with a serious interest in mathematics. Prospective educators or mathematically gifted high school students can also…

### Introduction to Environmental Science

This course uses the basic principles of biology and earth science as a context for understanding environmental policies and resource management practices. Our planet is facing unprecedented environmental challenges, from oil spills to global climate…

### General Biology

The word biology means, "the science of life", from the Greek bios, life, and logos, word or knowledge. Therefore, Biology is the science of Living Things. That is why Biology is sometimes known as Life Science.

### Fundamentals of Mathematics

Fundamentals of Mathematics is a work text that covers the traditional study in a modern prealgebra course, as well as the topics of estimation, elementary analytic geometry, and introductory algebra. It is intended for students who:

have had…

have had…

### Fast Fourier Transforms

This book focuses on the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), discrete convolution, and, particularly, the fast algorithms to calculate them. These topics have been at the center of digital signal processing since its beginning, and new results in…

### Euclidean Plane and Its Relatives

This book is designed for a semester-long course in Foundations of Geometry and meant to be rigorous, conservative, elementary and minimalistic.

### Elementary Differential Equations with Boundary Value Problems

Elementary Differential Equations with Boundary Value Problems is written for students in science, engineering, and mathematics who have completed calculus through partial differentiation.

An elementary text should be written so the student…

An elementary text should be written so the student…

### Elementary College Geometry

This text is intended for a brief introductory course in plane geometry. It covers the topics from elementary geometry that are most likely to be required for more advanced mathematics courses. The only prerequisite is a semester of algebra.

The…

The…

### Applied Finite Mathematics

Applied Finite Mathematics covers topics including linear equations, matrices, linear programming, the mathematics of finance, sets and counting, probability, Markov chains, and game theory.

### College Physics

This introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics book is grounded with real-world examples, illustrations, and explanations to help students grasp key, fundamental physics concepts. This online, fully editable and customizable title…

### College Algebra

College Algebra is an introductory text for a college algebra survey course. The material is presented at a level intended to prepare students for Calculus while also giving them relevant mathematical skills that can be used in other classes. The…

### Applied Probability

This is a "first course" in the sense that it presumes no previous course in probability. The mathematical prerequisites are ordinary calculus and the elements of matrix algebra. A few standard series and integrals are used, and double integrals are…

### Advanced Algebra II: Conceptual Explanations

This module contains a table of every module within the three books of Kenny Felder's course on "Algebra II", with links to the modules.

### A Primer of Real Analysis

This is a short introduction to the fundamentals of real analysis. Although the prerequisites are few, I have written the text assuming the reader has the level of mathematical maturity of one who has completed the standard sequence of calculus…

### A Computational Introduction to Number Theory and Algebra

All of the mathematics required beyond basic calculus is developed “from scratch.” Moreover, the book generally alternates between “theory” and “applications”: one or two chapters on a particular set of purely mathematical concepts are…

### Petropolitics : Petroleum Development, Markets and Regulations, Alberta as an Illustrative History

The importance of energy to the functioning of any economy has meant that energy industries are amongst the most regulated of industries. What might appear to be purely private decisions are made within a complex and evolving web of government…

### Applied Combinatorics

As we hope you will sense right from the beginning, we believe that combinatorial

mathematics is one of the most fascinating and captivating subjects on the planet.

Combinatorics is very concrete and has a wide range of applications, but it also…

mathematics is one of the most fascinating and captivating subjects on the planet.

Combinatorics is very concrete and has a wide range of applications, but it also…

### Product Environmental, Health and Safety Standards

This module provides you with the foundational knowledge you need to understand what 'products' are, and how they can be classified, designed, produced and disposed of in ways that best preserve and promote the integrity of the environment, and of…

### Environmental Control, Monitoring And Modeling

We start by defining air pollution and examining the main sources of air pollution. We then classify air pollutants according to origin, chemical composition, state of matter, and area of impact; and examine the effects of air pollution, particularly…

### Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is a widely used tool for assessing the

environmental implications of projects, policies and plans. It is also an integral part of the decision-making processes involving environmental issues. With the…

environmental implications of projects, policies and plans. It is also an integral part of the decision-making processes involving environmental issues. With the…

### A Foundation In Pure Mathematics

Everyone in Hong Kong has heard of the Mark Six! Players select six different numbers from 49 possibilities in the hope of winning a small fortune - or possibly even a large one.

So how many different choices of six numbers out of 49 are there? If…

So how many different choices of six numbers out of 49 are there? If…

### Advances in Chemical Synthesis

Organic chemistry belongs to a branch of chemistry that is generally associated with

compounds containing carbon. It is so important because millions of compounds that contain carbon are related to our daily lives, so organic chemistry has many…

compounds containing carbon. It is so important because millions of compounds that contain carbon are related to our daily lives, so organic chemistry has many…

### Contemporary Biology Development

We’ll begin with a brief introduction to the two main types of stem cells, embryonic

and adult stem cells. We’ll then discuss stem cell potency.

The second section “Stem cells in research and diseases management” will focus on

the…

and adult stem cells. We’ll then discuss stem cell potency.

The second section “Stem cells in research and diseases management” will focus on

the…

### A Foundation In Applied Mathematics

This module develops concepts and techniques for studying functions. You will learn about one of the foundations of applied mathematics, i.e. the algebraic and graphic methods for studying functions.

You'll be introduced to clear define and…

You'll be introduced to clear define and…

### Conservation and Biodiversity

Biodiversity is perhaps the hottest topic in ecology textbooks and courses worldwide

today. One very basic (core) objective of country park management is to conserve

biodiversity.

today. One very basic (core) objective of country park management is to conserve

biodiversity.

### Collaborative Statistics

Collaborative Statistics was written by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean, faculty members at De Anza College in Cupertino, California. The textbook was developed over several years and has been used in regular and honors-level classroom settings and…

### Calculus Volume 2

Calculus is designed for the typical two- or three-semester general calculus course, incorporating innovative features to enhance student learning. The book guides students through the core concepts of calculus and helps them understand how those…

### Calculus Volume 1

Calculus is designed for the typical two- or three-semester general calculus course, incorporating innovative features to enhance student learning. The book guides students through the core concepts of calculus and helps them understand how those…

### Applied Ecology

Applied ecology is a framework for the application of knowledge about ecosystems so

that actions can be taken to create a better balance and harmony between people and

nature in order to reduce human impact on other beings and their habitats.

that actions can be taken to create a better balance and harmony between people and

nature in order to reduce human impact on other beings and their habitats.

### Algebra and Trigonometry

lgebraic principles. The text is suitable for a typical introductory Algebra & Trigonometry course, and was developed to be used flexibly. The modular approach and the richness of content ensures that the book meets the needs of a variety of…

### Quantitative Research Methods for Political Science, Public Policy and Public Administration (With Applications in R): 3rd Edition

The focus of this book is on using quantitative research methods to test hypotheses and build theory in political science, public policy and public administration. It is designed for advanced undergraduate courses, or introductory and intermediate…

### The Value of the University Armed Service Units

This book provides a comprehensive assessment of the value of the university armed service units – the University Officer Training Corps, University Royal Naval Units and University Air Squadrons. The units, many of which date back to the early…

### The Curious Country

By definition scientists are an inquisitive lot. But what are the scientific curiosities and concerns on the minds of Australians? What worries them, baffles them, and sets their curiosity meter to 10 out of 10? To find out, the Office of the Chief…

### Vibrations and Waves

The Light and Matter series of

introductory physics textbooks:

1 Newtonian Physics

2 Conservation Laws

3 Vibrations and Waves

4 Electricity and Magnetism

5 Optics

6 The Modern Revolution in Physics

introductory physics textbooks:

1 Newtonian Physics

2 Conservation Laws

3 Vibrations and Waves

4 Electricity and Magnetism

5 Optics

6 The Modern Revolution in Physics

### Zionist Israel and the Question of Palestine : Jewish Statehood and the History of the Middle East Conflict

Tamar Amar-Dahl offers a profound analysis of Israel’s political order and culture and the role of Zionism. The study uncovers the discrepancy between the Western democratic self-image of Israel and its military influenced practical approaches to…

### Genetics of human populations: evolutionary and epidemiological applications

The present thesis deals with a deep analysis of the genetic structure of extant human worldwide populations, with a special focus on the Mediterranean. Different genetic markers, 18 Alu insertions and 367 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs),…

### Genetics and Genomics

The book contains the substance of the lectures and partly of the practices of the subject of ‘Genetics and Genomics’ held in Semmelweis University for medical, pharmacological and dental students. The book does not contain basic genetics and…

### Discrete Mathematics

his text was written to be used as the primary text for the class Discrete Mathematics (Math 228) at the University of Northern Colorado. The course serves as the role of a transitions course (introduction to proof), as well as an introduction to…

### Combinatorics Through Guided Discovery

This book is an introduction to combinatorial mathematics, also known as combinatorics. The book focuses especially but not exclusively on the part of combinatorics that mathematicians refer to as "counting." The book consist almost entirely of…

### Biofundamentals

Our goal is to present the key observations and unifying concepts upon which modern biology is based; it is not a survey of all biology! Once understood, these foundational observations and concepts should enable you to approach any biological…

### A Story of Real Analysis

The typical introductory real analysis text starts with an analysis of the real number system and uses this to develop the definition of a limit, which is then used as a foundation for the definitions encountered thereafter. While this is certainly a…

### Introduction to the Modeling and Analysis of Complex Systems

Introduction to the Modeling and Analysis of Complex Systems introduces students to mathematical/computational modeling and analysis developed in the emerging interdisciplinary field of Complex Systems Science. Complex systems are systems made of a…

### Golda Meir : A Political Biography

For five decades Golda Meir was at the center of the political arena in Israel and left her mark on the development of the Yishuv and the state. She was a unique woman, great leader, with a magnetic personality, a highly complex individual. She…

### Key Concepts in Public Archaeology

This book provides a broad overview of the key concepts in public archaeology, a research field that examines the relationship between archaeology and the public, in both theoretical and practical terms. While based on the long-standing programme of…

### Ester Boserup’s Legacy on Sustainability : Orientations for Contemporary Research

Arising from a scientific conference marking the 100th anniversary of her birth, this book honors the life and work of the social scientist and diplomat Ester Boserup, who blazed new trails in her interdisciplinary approach to development and…

### Natural Resources Biometrics

Natural Resources Biometrics begins with a review of descriptive statistics, estimation, and hypothesis testing. The following chapters cover one- and two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), including multiple comparison methods and interaction…

### Introductory Geology

This textbook is a comprehensive lab manual for the core curriculum Introductory Geosciences classes with both informational content and laboratory exercises. Topics include basic laws and theories in Geology, the Earth's interior and plate…

### Dalton State College APEX Calculus

This text for Analytic Geometry and Calculus I, II, and III is a Dalton State College remix of APEX Calculus 3.0. The text was created through a Round Six ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Topics covered in this text include:

Limits

…

Topics covered in this text include:

Limits

…

### Armstrong Calculus

The text is mostly an adaptation of two other excellent open- source calculus textbooks: Active Calculus by Dr. Matt Boelkins of Grand Valley State University and Drs. Gregory Hartman, Brian Heinold, Troy Siemers, Dimplekumar Chalishajar, and…

### A Spiral Workbook for Discrete Mathematics

This is a text that covers the standard topics in a sophomore-level course in discrete mathematics: logic, sets, proof techniques, basic number theory, functions, relations, and elementary combinatorics, with an emphasis on motivation. It explains…

### Motion Mountain: The Adventure of Physics: The Strand Model - A Speculation on Unification (Volume 6)

What determines colours? What is motion? All colours in nature derive from the fine structure constant 1/137.035 999 1..., the most famous unexplained number in nature. What determines its value? All motion in nature is described either by quantum…

### Arcticness

Climate change and globalisation are opening up the Arctic for exploitation by the world – or so we are told. But what about the views, interests and needs of the peoples who live in the region? This volume explores the opportunities and…

### Linear Algebra with Applications

This textbook is an introduction to the ideas and techniques of linear algebra for ﬁrst- or second-year students with a working knowledge of high school algebra. The contents have enough ﬂexibility to present

a traditional introduction to the…

a traditional introduction to the…

### Organic Chemistry

Organic chemistry is primarily devoted to the unique properties of the carbon atom and its compounds. These compounds play a critical role in biology and ecology, Earth sciences and geology, physics, industry, medicine and — of course —…

### Eutrofikasi

Open Educational Resource (OER) Unsyiah adalah satu satu Portal yang dikembangkan oleh Perpustakaan Universitas Syiah Kuala. OER Unsyiah berbasis Open Acces untuk siapa saja dan di mana saja. Bahkan Kami juga akan menerima kontribusi yang ingin ikut…

### pH Scala

Open Educational Resource (OER) Unsyiah adalah satu satu Portal yang dikembangkan oleh Perpustakaan Universitas Syiah Kuala. OER Unsyiah berbasis Open Acces untuk siapa saja dan di mana saja. Bahkan Kami juga akan menerima kontribusi yang ingin ikut…

### Fosforilasi Oksidatif dan Chemiosmosis

Open Educational Resource (OER) Unsyiah adalah satu satu Portal yang dikembangkan oleh Perpustakaan Universitas Syiah Kuala. OER Unsyiah berbasis Open Acces untuk siapa saja dan di mana saja. Bahkan Kami juga akan menerima kontribusi yang ingin ikut…

### Geometry

Geometry is used in many areas—from art to science. For example, geometry plays a key role in construction, fashion design, architecture, and computer graphics. This course focuses on the main ideas of geometry that are the foundation of…

### Calculus

This text comprises a three–volume series on Calculus. The ﬁrst part covers material taught in many “Calc ” courses: limits, derivaves, and the basics of integraon, found in Chapters through . The second text covers material oen taught in…

### Nanoinformatics

This open access book brings out the state of the art on how informatics-based tools are used and expected to be used in nanomaterials research. There has been great progress in the area in which “big-data” generated by experiments or…

### Rivers of the Anthropocene

This exciting volume presents the work and research of the Rivers of the Anthropocene Network, an international collaborative group of scientists, social scientists, humanists, artists, policymakers, and community organizers working to produce…

### Precalculus

There are key differences between the way teaching and learning takes place in high schools and universities. Our goal is much more than just getting you to reproduce what was done in the classroom. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

• The…

• The…

### Notes on Diffy Qs: Differential Equations for Engineers

This book originated from my class notes for teaching Math 286 at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in Fall 2008 and Spring 2009. It is a ﬁrst course on differential equations for

engineers. I also taught Math 285 at UIUC and Math 20D…

engineers. I also taught Math 285 at UIUC and Math 20D…

### Motion Mountain: The Adventure of Physics: Motion Inside Matter - Pleasure, Technology and the Stars (Volume 5)

New, expanded 2017 edition - more than 200 000 readers. This physics volume presents motion inside matter. It explains how chemistry, biology, material properties, stars, nuclear reactors and particle physics follow from the quantum of action. The…

### Motion Mountain: The Adventure of Physics: Relativity (Volume 2)

New, expanded 2017 edition - more than 200 000 readers. This is the second volume of the Motion Mountain physics text, covering special relativity, general relativity and cosmology. Travelling near the speed of light, the twin paradox, black holes,…

### Motion Mountain: The Adventure of Physics: The Quantum of Change (Volume 4)

New, expanded 2017 edition - more than 200 000 readers. This physics text presents the foundations of quantum physics in a simple way, with few formulae, but using many puzzles and observations taken from everyday life. The volume shows that colours,…

### Motion Mountain: The Adventure of Physics: Fall, Flow and Heat (Volume 1)

New, expanded 2017 edition - more than 200 000 readers. How high can animals jump? What are the fastest thrown balls? How fast can aeroplanes and butterflies fly? What does the sea level tell us about the sun? What are temperature and heat? What is…

### Motion Mountain: The Adventure of Physics: Light, Charges and Brains (Volume 3)

New, expanded 2017 edition - more than 200 000 readers. This volume on electricity, magnetism and optics is written to be captivating on every page. It introduces fields, light and Maxwell's description of their motion, shows how animals, from sharks…

### Mathematical Reasoning: Writing and Proof

Focusing on the formal development of mathematics, this book shows readers how to read, understand, write, and construct mathematical proofs. Uses elementary number theory and congruence arithmetic throughout. Focuses on writing in mathematics.…

### Math in Society

Math in Society is a free, open textbook. This book is a survey of contemporary mathematical topics, most non-algebraic, appropriate for a college-level topics course for liberal arts majors. The text is designed so that most chapters are…

### Mapping and the Citizen Sensor

Maps are a fundamental resource in a diverse array of applications ranging from everyday activities, such as route planning through the legal demarcation of space to scientific studies, such as those seeking to understand biodiversity and inform the…

### Introduction to Physical Oceanography

This textbook covers physical-oceanographic processes, theories, data, and measurements, targeted at upper-division undergraduates and graduate students in oceanography, meteorology, and ocean engineering. In addition to the classical topics, the…

### Introduction to Modern Set Theory

Introduction to Modern Set Theory is designed for a one-semester course in set theory at the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level. Three features are the full integration into the text of the study of models of set theory, the use of…

### Introduction to Differential Equations

Much of the material of Chapters 2-6 and 8 has been adapted from thewidely used textbook “Elementary differential equations and boundary value problems” by Boyce & DiPrima (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Seventh Edition, ○c 2001). Many of the…

### Immersion Into Noise

The noise factor is the ratio of signal to noise of an input signal to that of the output signal. Noise can block or interfere with the meaning of a message in both human and electronic communication. But in Information Theory, noise is still…

### Freshwater Microplastics

This volume focuses on microscopic plastic debris, also referred to as microplastics, which have been detected in aquatic environments around the globe and have accordingly raised serious concerns. The book explores whether microplastics represent…

### Foundations of Quantum Theory: From Classical Concepts to Operator Algebras

The international monograph series “Fundamental Theories of Physics” aims to

stretch the boundaries of mainstream physics by clarifying and developing the

theoretical and conceptual framework of physics and by applying it to a wide range

of…

stretch the boundaries of mainstream physics by clarifying and developing the

theoretical and conceptual framework of physics and by applying it to a wide range

of…

### Evaluating Climate Change Action for Sustainable Development

This authoritative book presents the ever progressing state of the art in evaluating climate change strategies and action. It builds upon a selection of relevant and practical papers and presentations given at the 2nd International Conference on…

### Essential of Geographic Information Systems

Essentials of Geographic Information Systems integrates key concepts behind the technology with practical concerns and real-world applications. Recognizing that many potential GIS users are nonspecialists or may only need a few maps, this book is…

### Earthquakes, Tsunamis and Nuclear Risks

This book covers seismic probabilistic risk assessment (S-PRA) and related studies which have become more important to increase the safety of nuclear facilities against earthquakes and tsunamis in the face of the many uncertainties after the…

### Earth Observation Open Science and Innovation

Over the past decades, rapid developments in digital and sensing technologies, such as the Cloud, Web and Internet of Things, have dramatically changed the way we live and work. The digital transformation is revolutionizing our ability to…

### Diversity and Evolution of Butterﬂy Wing Patterns

This book facilitates an integrative understanding of the development, genetics and evolution of butterfly wing patterns. To develop a deep and realistic understanding of the diversity and evolution of butterfly wing patterns, it is essential and…

### Combinatorics

Combinatorics is a subfield of "discrete mathematics," so we should begin by asking what discrete mathematics means. The differences are to some extent a matter of opinion, and various mathematicians might classify specific topics…

### Coastal Lagoons in Europe: Integrated Water Resource Strategies

Lagoons represent nearly 13% of the shoreline globally and around 5% in Europe. Coastal lagoons are shallow water bodies separated from the ocean by a barrier (e.g., narrow spit), connected at least intermittently to the ocean by one or more…

### Chemistry

Chemistry is designed to meet the scope and sequence requirements of the two-semester general chemistry course. The textbook provides an important opportunity for students to learn the core concepts of chemistry and understand how those concepts…

### Calculus for The Life Sciences A Modeling Approach Volume II

In our text, mathematical modeling and difference and differential equations lead, closely follow, and extend the elements of calculus. Chapter one introduces mathematical modeling in which students write descriptions of some observed processes and…

### Calculus For the Life Sciences: A Modeling Approach Volume I

In our text, mathematical modeling and difference and differential equations lead, closely follow, and extend the elements of calculus. Chapter one introduces mathematical modeling in which students write descriptions of some observed processes and…

### Beyond Waters: Archaeology and Environmental History of the Amazonian Inland

This book is one of the outcomes of the project Cultivated Wilderness: Socio-economic development and environmental change in pre-Columbian Amazonia (http://www.cultivated-wilderness.org/). The project has particularly focused on the previously…

### Basics of Fluid Mechanics

Basic Textbook for fluid mechanics class. This book is update regularly on potto home website. The book contains several of the best chapters on various phenomena such surface tension, vortex, stability, integral equations, differential equations.…

### Astronomy

Astronomy is written in clear non-technical language, with the occasional touch of humor and a wide range of clarifying illustrations. It has many analogies drawn from everyday life to help non-science majors appreciate, on their own terms, what our…

### Applied Discrete Structures

Applied Discrete Structures, is a two semester undergraduate text in discrete mathematics, focusing on the structural properties of mathematical objects. These include matrices, functions, graphs, trees, lattices and algebraic structures. The…

### Applied Calculus

An openly licensed applied calculus textbook, covering derivatives, integrals, and an intro to multivariable calculus. This book is heavily remixed from Dale Hoffman's Contemporary Calculus textbook, and retains the same conceptual focus from that…

### Self-Assembled Molecules – New Kind of Protein Ligands

The standard substrate complexation mechanism engages natural binding sites. In contrast, supramolecular structures may form complexes with proteins by

penetrating in regions which are either naturally unstable or become temporarily accessible due…

penetrating in regions which are either naturally unstable or become temporarily accessible due…

### Statistical Analysis with The General Linear Model

This course is about a large and complex set of statistical methods tied together by a unifying conceptual framework known as “The General Linear Model” (GLM). This model can be used to answer an amazing variety of research questions within an…

### The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks

This book is based on the collective knowledge of the GEO BON network of volunteers, working towards the establishment of a global, sustainable observation

system for monitoring changes in biodiversity. As such, a great number of colleagues have…

system for monitoring changes in biodiversity. As such, a great number of colleagues have…

### The Global Encyclopaedia of Informality Volume II

This book invites you on a voyage of discovery, to explore society’s open secrets, to comprehend unwritten rules and to uncover informal practices. Broadly defined as ‘ways

of getting things done’, these informal yet powerful

practices tend…

of getting things done’, these informal yet powerful

practices tend…

### The Global Encyclopaedia of Informality Volume I

This book invites you on a voyage of discovery, to explore society’s open secrets, to comprehend unwritten rules and to uncover informal practices. Broadly defined as ‘ways

of getting things done’, these informal yet powerful

practices tend…

of getting things done’, these informal yet powerful

practices tend…

### Thinking Beyond Sectors for Sustainable Development

As we move from the era of the Millennium Development Goals to the Sustainable Development Goals it is important to consider how development agendas

are set, the progress that has been made over the past

15 years, and how current debates are…

are set, the progress that has been made over the past

15 years, and how current debates are…

### Variational Principles in Classical Mechanics

The goal of this book is to introduce the reader to the intellectual beauty, and philosophical implications,

of the fact that nature obeys variational principles that underlie the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian analytical

formulations of classical…

of the fact that nature obeys variational principles that underlie the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian analytical

formulations of classical…

### Vector Calculus

This book covers calculus in two and three variables. It is suitable for a one-semester course, normally known as “Vector Calculus”, “Multivariable Calculus”, or simply “Calculus III”. The prerequisites are the standard courses in…

### Weather & Climate Services for the Energy Industry

This chapter discusses the information gaps relating to the type, level of accuracy and frequency of delivery of specific weather and climate information, and what extra information is required by the energy sector in the coming years. It is argued…

### Active Calculus Multivariable

In Active Calculus - Multivariable, we endeavor to actively engage students in learning the subject through an activity-driven approach in which the vast majority of the examples are completed by students. Where many texts present a general theory of…

### Abstract Algebra

This text is intended for a one or two-semester undergraduate course in abstract algebra. Traditionally, these courses have covered the theoretical aspects of groups, rings, and fields. However, with the development of computing in the last several…

### Introductory Chemistry

David W. Ball of Cleveland State University brings his new survey of general chemistry text, Introductory Chemistry. This book is intended for a one-semester introductory or preparatory chemistry course. Throughout the chapters, David presents two…

### General Chemistry

Wikibooks is for textbooks, annotated texts, instructional guides, and manuals. These materials can be used in a traditional classroom, an accredited or respected institution, a home-school environment, or for self-learning.

### Thermodynamics and Chemistry

Thermodynamics and Chemistry is designed primarily as a textbook for a one-semester course in classical chemical thermodynamics at the graduate or undergraduate level. It can also serve as a supplementary text and thermodynamics reference source.

### Introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking Version 1.4

This is an introductory textbook in logic and critical thinking. The goal of the

textbook is to provide the reader with a set of tools and skills that will enable

them to identify and evaluate arguments. The book is intended for an

introductory…

textbook is to provide the reader with a set of tools and skills that will enable

them to identify and evaluate arguments. The book is intended for an

introductory…

### Fundamental Methods of Logic

There’s an ancient view, still widely held, that what makes human beings special—what distinguishes us from the “beasts of the field”—is that we are rational. What does rationality consist in? That’s a vexed question, but one possible…

### Introduction to Probability

Probability theory began in seventeenth century France when the two great French mathematicians, Blaise Pascal and Pierre de Fermat, corresponded over two problems from games of chance. Problems like those Pascal and Fermat solved continued to…

### General Chemistry Principles, Patterns, and Applications

In this new millenium, as the world faces new and extreme challenges, the importance of acquiring a solid foundation in chemical principles has become increasingly important to understand the challenges that lie ahead. Moreover, as the world becomes…

### Anatomy and Physiology of Animals

fter completing this section, you should know the:

• symbols used to represent atoms;

• names of molecules commonly found in animal cells;

• characteristics of ions and electrolytes;

• basic structure of carbohydrates with examples;

•…

• symbols used to represent atoms;

• names of molecules commonly found in animal cells;

• characteristics of ions and electrolytes;

• basic structure of carbohydrates with examples;

•…

### Thermodynamics : Energy, Entropy, and The Fundamental Laws of Physics.

Easy to understand animation explaining energy, entropy, and all the basic concepts including refrigeration, heat engines, and the end of all life in the Universe.

### Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)

A description of the concepts behind Analysis of Variance. Also, see this site: http://www.psych.utah.edu/stat/introstats/anovaflash.html for a "hands-on" experience.

### Probability and Statistics

We discuss probability and do some basic examples to refresh our memory on practice problems involving probability. Next video we focus on expectation values/ mean and the second moment of distribution.

### Monoclonal Antibody Production

This is a brief overview of the production of monoclonal antibodies (mAb), also known as hybridoma technology. Design inspired by Salman Khan. Special thanks to Professor DeMasi @ MCPHS University.

Davidson College's website on…

Davidson College's website on…

### Computational Biology

What is Computational Biology

Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license.

Computational biology involves the development and application of data-analytical and theoretical methods,…

Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license.

Computational biology involves the development and application of data-analytical and theoretical methods,…

### Calculus using Matlab - Laplace Transform

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### Calculus - Derivative of an Inverse Function

Calculus lecture explaining the derivative of an inverse function.

Gives a graphical explanation of how the derivative of an inverse function is related to the reciprocal of the derivative of the original function.

Uses the example y = x^2 + 1…

Gives a graphical explanation of how the derivative of an inverse function is related to the reciprocal of the derivative of the original function.

Uses the example y = x^2 + 1…

### Alkanes and Alkenes

Learn the basics of alkanes and alkenes. After watching the covalent bonds video you should have sufficient knowledge to understand about how alkanes and alkenes are formed and the differences between them. SUBSCRIBE to our channel to access many…

### Human Biology

Montage edited from the lecture slides of the Human Biology Core Faculty, including Professors Bill Durham, Richard Klein, Katherine Preston, William Talbot, Bill Scheidel, Margaret Fuller, Anne Fernald, David Lyons, Roland Nusse, Laura Carstensen,…

### Radiation In The Environment

In the post-nuclear era the word ‘radiation’, in the popular lexicon, has taken on a specialized and negative meaning. Largely because of media misinterpretation the word now suggests to the non-scientist the malignant effects associated with…

### Statistical Mechanics

This is a book about statistical mechanics at the advanced undergraduate level. It assumes a background in

classical mechanics through the concept of phase space, in quantum mechanics through the Pauli exclusion

principle, and in mathematics…

classical mechanics through the concept of phase space, in quantum mechanics through the Pauli exclusion

principle, and in mathematics…

### Introduction to Numerical Methods and Matlab Programming for Engineers

These notes were developed by the firsht author in the process of teaching a course on applied

numerical methods for Civil Engineering majors during 2002-2004 and was modified to include

Mechanical Engineering in 2005. The materials have been…

numerical methods for Civil Engineering majors during 2002-2004 and was modified to include

Mechanical Engineering in 2005. The materials have been…

### Biostratigraphic And Geological Significance Of Planktonic Foraminifera

Foraminifera are marine, free-living, amoeboid protozoa

(in Greek, proto = first and zoa = animals). They are

single-celled eukaryotes (organisms the cytoplasm of

which is organized into a complex structure with internal

membranes and contains a…

(in Greek, proto = first and zoa = animals). They are

single-celled eukaryotes (organisms the cytoplasm of

which is organized into a complex structure with internal

membranes and contains a…

### Introduction to Numerical Methods

What follows are my lecture notes for Math 3311: Introduction to Numerical Methods, taught at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Math 3311, with two lecture hours per week, is primarily for non-mathematics majors and is required by…

### Hydrocarbon

The theory of the abiogenic deep origin of hydrocarbons recognizes that the petroleum is a primordial material of deep origin [Kutcherov, Krayushkin 2010]. This theory explains that hydrocarbon compounds generate in the asthenosphere of the Earth and…

### Basic Analysis: Introduction to Real Analysis

A first course in mathematical analysis. Covers the real number system, sequences and series, continuous functions, the derivative, the Riemann integral, sequences of functions, and metric spaces.

### Introduction to Management Information Systems

All individuals, companies and, in general, all organisations are continuously capturing data, many of which are of no significance to them at all. However, other data are available that would afford them a better understanding of their own…

### Estrogen

Created by Vishal Punwani.

Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-reproductive-system-physiology/rn-reproductive-system/v/maternal-changes-in-pregnancy?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn

Missed…

Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-reproductive-system-physiology/rn-reproductive-system/v/maternal-changes-in-pregnancy?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn

Missed…

### Endocrine System and Influence on Behavior Part 2

Created by Ryan Scott Patton.

Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat/behavior/human-development/v/egg-sperm-and-fertilization?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=mcat

Missed the previous lesson?…

Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat/behavior/human-development/v/egg-sperm-and-fertilization?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=mcat

Missed the previous lesson?…

### Endocrine System and Influence on Behavior - Part 1

Created by Ryan Scott Patton.

Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat/behavior/biological-basis-of-behavior-ner/v/endocrine-system-and-influence-on-behavior-part-2?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=mcat

Missed…

Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat/behavior/biological-basis-of-behavior-ner/v/endocrine-system-and-influence-on-behavior-part-2?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=mcat

Missed…

### Elementary Diferrential Equantions

Elementary Differential Equations by William F. Trench Andrew G. Cowles Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Department of Mathematics, Trinity University, San Antonio, Texas, USA,Previously published by Brooks/Cole Thomson Learning, 2000. This book has…

### For All X; The Lorain County Remix

This book was created by combining two previous books on logic and critical thinking, both made available under a Creative Commons license, and then adding some material so that the coverage matched that of commonly used logic textbooks.

### Introductory Statistics

ntroductory Statistics is designed for the one-semester, introduction to statistics course and is geared toward students majoring in fields other than math or engineering. This text assumes students have been exposed to intermediate algebra, and it…

### Microbiology

Microbiology is designed to cover the scope and sequence requirements for the single-semester Microbiology course for non-majors. The book presents the core concepts of microbiology with a focus on applications of microbiology in healthcare…

### Analytical Chemistry 2.0

Analytical chemistry is more than a collection of analytical methods and an understanding of equilibrium chemistry; it is an approach to solving chemical problems. Although equilibrium chemistry and analytical methods are important, their coverage…

### Environmental Biology

Environmental Biology enables students to develop a nuanced understanding of today’s most pressing environmental issues. This text helps students grasp the scientific foundation of these issues so that they can better understand the world around…

### Concept Development Studies in Chemistry

Concept Development Studies in Chemistry is an on-line textbook for an Introductory General Chemistry course. Each module develops a central concept in Chemistry from experimental observations and inductive reasoning. This approach complements an…

### Chemistry: Atoms First

Chemistry - Atoms First is a peer-reviewed, openly licensed introductory textbook produced through a collaborative publishing partnership between OpenStax and the University of Connecticut and UConn Student Government Association. This title is an…

### Organic Chemistry With a Biological Emphasis: Volumes II

A free, open-access organic chemistry textbook (volumes I and II) in which the main focus is on relevance to biology and medicine. This is a PDF version of a wiki project called Chemwiki at the University of California, Davis. There are also…

### Organic Chemistry With a Biological Emphasis: Volumes I

Open-access organic chemistry textbook (volumes I and II) in which the main focus is on relevance to biology and medicine. This is a PDF version of a wiki project called Chemwiki at the University of California, Davis. There are also supplementary…

### Microbiology

This Microbiology textbook, adapted from the Boundless version, is intended to provide health care professionals with a working knowledge of infectious disease. Much of the book is devoted to the structure/function relationships in pathogenic…

### All About Cells

Life. Every single living thing has something in common—do you know what that is? The clue is in the title! In this learning package you will learn all about cells—the parts and the functions of those parts. By learning about the basic building…

### Clinical Biochemistry

The pre-analytical phase is defined as the period from the physician’s indication of the test up to the laboratory

analysis of the biological material. In other words, this phase involves an individual’s preparation for collection of the…

analysis of the biological material. In other words, this phase involves an individual’s preparation for collection of the…

### Lecture Notes on Thermodynamics

These are lecture notes for AME 20231, Thermodynamics, a sophomore-level undergraduate course taught in the Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Notre Dame. The objective of the course is to survey practical and…

### Active Calculus 2.0

Active Calculus is different from most existing calculus texts in at least the following ways: the text is freely readable online in HTML format and is also available for in PDF; in the electronic format, graphics are in full color and there are live…

### Concepts of Biology-1st Canadian Edition

In this survey text, directed at those not majoring in biology, we dispel the assumption that a little learning is a dangerous thing. We hope that by skimming the surface of a very deep subject, biology, we may inspire you to drink more deeply and…

### Precalculus: An Investigation of Functions (Includes Trig) 2nd Ed

The first portion of the book is an investigation of functions, exploring the graphical behavior of, interpretation of, and solutions to problems involving linear, polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions. An emphasis is placed on…

### Precalculus: An Investigation of Functions (Includes Trig) 1st Ed

The first portion of the book is an investigation of functions, exploring the graphical behavior of, interpretation of, and solutions to problems involving linear, polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions. An emphasis is placed on…

### Active Calculus 1.0

Active Calculus is different from most existing calculus texts in at least the following ways: the text is free for download by students and instructors in .pdf format; in the electronic format, graphics are in full color and there are live html…

### Elementary Algebra

This is the Elementary Algebra textbook used by the Department of Mathematics in their Elementary Algebra course at College of the Redwoods, Eureka, California.

License: Creative Commons Attribution Sharealike Noncommercial. This license is very…

License: Creative Commons Attribution Sharealike Noncommercial. This license is very…

### OpenIntro Statistics

The OpenIntro project was founded in 2009 to improve the quality and availability of education by producing exceptional books and teaching tools that are free to use and easy to modify. The inaugural effort is OpenIntro Statistics. Probability is…

### Introductory Chemistry - 1st Canadian Edition

The goal of this textbook is not to make you an expert. True expertise in any field is a years-long endeavor. Here I will survey some of the basic topics of chemistry. This survey should give you enough knowledge to appreciate the impact of chemistry…

### Mathematical Methods for Physics and Engineering

The third edition of this highly acclaimed undergraduate textbook is suitable for teaching all the mathematics ever likely to be needed for an undergraduate course in any of the physical sciences. As well as lucid descriptions of all the topics…

### Introductory Algebra Student Workbook

This workbook was created through the efforts of instructors at Scottsdale Community College in Scottsdale, Arizona, has been used by thousands of students, and is continually improved. This workbook contains have lessons that were carefully and…

### Beginning and Intermediate Algebra

Beginning and Intermediate Algebra was designed to reduce textbook costs to students while not reducing the quality of materials. This text includes many detailed examples for each section along with several problems for students to practice and…

### Prealgebra

A clear, methodical approach to topics in prealgebra, with good explanations of concepts. This book includes plenty of examples and then exercises. Equation solving is started earlier and used throughout.

Geometric topics (e.g., area and…

Geometric topics (e.g., area and…

### Pre-Algebra

A pre-algebra text, written by Angela Milano from American River College. For each section the text includes a student activity, narrative text with examples, and exercises.

License: Creative Commons Attribution Sharealike Noncommercial. This…

License: Creative Commons Attribution Sharealike Noncommercial. This…

### Basic Arithmetic Student Workbook

This workbook was created through the efforts of three instructors at Scottsdale Community College in Scottsdale, Arizona, has been used by thousands of students, and is continually improved. This workbook contains have lessons that were carefully…

### Arithmetic for College Students

This book is a course on arithmetic designed for college students. It covers whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percents, ratios and proportions, measurement, and integers. Geometry and statistics are integrated throughout the text rather than…

### Calculus Early Transcendental: an Open Text

Calculus: Early Transcendentals, originally by D. Guichard, has been redesigned by the Lyryx editorial team. Substantial portions of the content, examples, and diagrams have been redeveloped, with additional contributions provided by experienced and…

### A Friendly Introduction to Differential Equations

n this book, there are five chapters: The Laplace Transform, Systems of Homogeneous Linear Differential Equations (HLDE), Methods of First and Higher Orders Differential Equations, Extended Methods of First and Higher Orders Differential Equations,…

### A First Course in Linear Algebra

In this book, there are five chapters: Systems of Linear Equations, Vector Spaces, Homogeneous Systems, Characteristic Equation of Matrix, and Matrix Dot Product. It has also exercises at the end of each chapter above to let students practice…

### Introduction to Mathematical Analysis I

The lecture notes contain topics of real analysis usually covered in a 10-week course: the completeness axiom, sequences and convergence, continuity, and differentiation. The lecture notes also contain many well-selected exercises of various levels.…

### Malariology: Biology of the Parasite

Malaria parasites are highly species

specific. No animal reservoir for human

malaria parasites.Malaria: Plasmodium Species of

Human Disease

specific. No animal reservoir for human

malaria parasites.Malaria: Plasmodium Species of

Human Disease

### Foundations in Statistical Reasoning

This book starts by presenting an overview of the statistical thought process. By the end of chapter 2, students are already familiar with concepts such as hypotheses, level of significance, p-values, errors. Normally these topics are not introduced…

### Contemporary Calculus

How to Succeed in Beginning Calculus

Calculus is the mathematics of CHANGE and almost everything in our world is changing.

Calculus is among the most important and useful developments of human thought, and, even though it is over 300 years old, it…

Calculus is the mathematics of CHANGE and almost everything in our world is changing.

Calculus is among the most important and useful developments of human thought, and, even though it is over 300 years old, it…

### Atomic Physics

Atomic physics is the field of physics that studies atoms as an isolated system of electrons and an atomic nucleus. It is primarily concerned with the arrangement of electrons around the nucleus and the processes by which these arrangements change.…

### The Meaning of Clinical Death

Clinical death is the medical term for cessation of blood circulation and breathing, the two necessary criteria to sustain human and many other organisms' lives. It occurs when the heart stops beating in a regular rhythm, a condition called cardiac…

### Cancer System Biology

Cancer systems biology encompasses the application of systems biology approaches to cancer research, in order to study the disease as a complex adaptive system with emerging properties at multiple biological scales. More explicitly, because cancer…

### DNA Replication

In molecular biology, DNA replication is the biological process of producing two identical replicas of DNA from one original DNA molecule. This process occurs in all living organisms and is the basis for biological inheritance. DNA is made up of a…

### Chemistry Adventure

How do simple things like yeast, soap, and hydrogen peroxide come together to create a foam-splosion reaction? Tweak the ingredients to find out in this choose-your-own-adventure video series!

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### Radiation Rays: Alpha, Beta and Gamma

Simulations provided free under a Department of Labor grant awarded Eastern Iowa Community Colleges. To learn more visit http://www.eicc.edu.

Input by : Dian Islamiati

Input by : Dian Islamiati

### Spore

In biology, a spore is a unit of asexual reproduction that may be adapted for dispersal and for survival, often for extended periods of time, in unfavorable conditions. By contrast, gametes are units of sexual reproduction. Spores form part of the…

### Exact Trig Values - Hand Trick

There are some key angles that have exact values in trigonometry. The ones we need to know are 0, 30, 45, 60 and 90.

In this video we will discover one method of remember what these values are - by counting fingers on our hand!

In the first…

In this video we will discover one method of remember what these values are - by counting fingers on our hand!

In the first…

### Gamete

A gamete (from Ancient Greek ??µ??? gamete from gamein "to marry") is a cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization (conception) in organisms that sexually reproduce. In species that produce two morphologically distinct types of gametes,…

### Metamorphosis

Metamorphosis is a biological process by which an animal physically develops after birth or hatching, involving a conspicuous and relatively abrupt change in the animal's body structure through cell growth and differentiation. Some insects, fishes,…

### Philosophy of Biology

The philosophy of biology is a subfield of philosophy of science, which deals with epistemological, metaphysical, and ethical issues in the biological and biomedical sciences. Although philosophers of science and philosophers generally have long been…

### Identifying Minerals

An overview of the tests that can help you to identify a mineral sample

Input by : Elvira Nadya Saleh

Input by : Elvira Nadya Saleh

### Pure Mathematics

What is PURE MATHEMATICS? What does PURE MATHEMATICS mean? PURE MATHEMATICS meaning - PURE MATHEMATICS definition - PURE MATHEMATICS explanation.

Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/…

Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/…

### Plate Tectonics

Summary – the theory of plate tectonics had enabled us to explain the origin of earthquakes, volcanoes, mountain building and has told us the fascinating history of the earth. To find out the evidence for all this watch “Wegener and the proof of…

### Density of Different States

In this video we are going to look at what density is, how it is measured and the differences in density between the different states of matter. Informally, density is a measure of how ‘packed’ a material is with mass. Density is defined as the…

### The Forces on an Aeroplane

The video is a contextualized and translated version (suitable for Indian audiences) of the original MITK12 video (linked below). The original license allows the use of this video under CC-BY-NC-SA domain of creative commons community.

LIL…

LIL…

### What is DNA

DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid) is extremely important. All living things have DNA, or in the case of some viruses they have RNA instead.

In eukaryotes, it is found within the nucleus and is arranged into chromosomes.

DNA determines the…

In eukaryotes, it is found within the nucleus and is arranged into chromosomes.

DNA determines the…

### Functions and Relations

Part of the NCSSM Online AP Calculus Collection: This video deals with transformations of functions including parent functions and the library of functions and relations. http://www.dlt.ncssm.edu

Please attribute this work as being created by the…

Please attribute this work as being created by the…

## Collection Tree

- 500 Science
- 500 Science
- 510 Mathematics
- 520 Astronomy
- 530 Physics
- 540 Chemistry
- 550 Earth Sciences & Geology
- 560 Fossils & Prehistoric Life
- 570 Biology
- 570 Biology
- 571 Physiology & Related Subjects
- 572 Biochemistry
- 573 Specific Physiological Systems in Animals, Regional Histology & Physiology in Animals
- 575 Specific Parts of & Physiological Systems in Plants
- 576 Genetics and Evolution
- 577 Ecology
- 578 Natural History of Organisms & Related Subjects
- 579 Natural History of Microorganisms, Fungi, Algae

- 580 Plants
- 590 Animals (Zoology)